A Short Biography of Wang Xi Zhi Wang Xi Zhi (王羲之/Wang Hsi Chih)
The influence of Wang Xi Zhi (303-361 CE) on the Chinese Calligraphy tradition cannot be overstated. While there were certainly famous calligraphers who preceded Wang, not one of them has had the lasting effect of the so-called Sage of Calligraphy (書聖/Shu Sheng).
After over four centuries of relative stability, the Han Dynasty ended following a period of intense rebellion and court intrigue. The remains of the once-strong Han Empire was quickly divided into three separate political regimes, each of which laid claim to the authority of the Han throne. For the next six decades, these Kingdoms, the Wei, Shu and Wu, would maintain a war footing against each other. Each of these states was destroyed in turn: the Wei being the last to fall and usher in the Western Jin in 265 CE.
The Tang Dynasty (唐朝/Tang Chao/T’ang Ch’ao): China Reunified
It would be almost three hundred years following the the fall of the Han before a stable Chinese empire would once again be created. Many scholars have commented on the parallels between the Qin-Han succession and the Sui-Tang succession. In both cases, a military power conquered and unified China only to fall to a usurping force that would hold that empire together for hundreds of years.