History of Chinese Calligraphy – The Origins of Calligraphy in Ancient China: Bronze Inscriptions in Zhou Dynasty


The Zhou State: Feudalism and Tribute

It is not clear exactly what brought about the decline of the Shang (商) civilization. What is clear is that in approximately 1050 BCE, the Shang was defeated and replaced by the incumbent Zhou (周/Chou) state. By way of comparison with Western history, this was slightly after the end of the Egyptian New Kingdom, and slightly before the assumed birth date of the Biblical King David.

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