The Life and Times of Mao Ze Dong (毛澤東/Ma Tse Tung)
ln modern Chinese history no character is more controversial, or more recognizable, than Chairman Mao (毛主席/Mao Chu Hsi). Born in relative obscurity in the province of Hunan, 1893, Mao would come to personally shape the course of Chinese history in the 20th century. His early life saw him as a student-cum-revolutionary who hid in the mountains with a small but growing cadre of Communists. With the onset of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the two Chinese factions, one Communist and lead by Mao, one Nationalist and lead by Chiang Kai Shek, were pitted against a common enemy. The defeat of the Japanese, however, was only one hurdle that China would face in its emergence as a modern state. Almost immediately, the Nationalist and Communist factions set about to determine which would rule China. In the end, Mao and his Communists were successful, forcing the Nationalists out of mainland China; they fled to Taiwan.